Gujarat government to announce ‘Emission Trading Scheme’

Gandhinagar: Gujarat Government will on the occasion of World Environment Day announce ‘Emission Trading Scheme’ on June 5 and become the first State to set up ‘Emission Trading Market’ in order to encourage and incentivize the industrial units that follow the rules of Gujarat Pollution Control Board(GPCB). The announcement of the scheme will be made by Chief Minister Vijay Rupani at ‘Beat Air Pollution’ function at University convention hall in Ahmedabad.

“The main aim of the scheme is to incentivise the industrial units which cap their emissions. It will also reduce the cost of reducing pollution,” the release said.

“Industrial units will be attached to Continuous Emissions Monitoring System…for effective compliance,” it added.

The Gujarat Pollution Control Board (GPCB) said in another release that emissions trading or cap-and-trade is a market-based approach used in “controlling pollution by providing economic incentives for achieving reductions in the emissions of pollutants”.

Under the scheme, the GPCB would set a limit or cap on the amount of a pollutant that may be emitted.

“The limit or cap is allocated or sold to firms in the form of emissions permits….Firms are required to hold a number of permits equivalent to their emissions. The total number of permits cannot exceed the cap.

“The firms which need to increase their volume of emissions must buy permits from those who require fewer permits. The transfer of permits is referred to as a trade,” the release added.

The buyer in this system, thus, will be paying a charge for polluting, while the seller will be rewarded for having reduced emissions, it said.