Samvatsari 2022: Significance, Rituals & Forgiveness Day

Samvatsari is an annual celebration of the Jain community people. The final day of ‘Paryushana Parva‘ falls on the fourth day of the bright half of Bhadrapad month, between mid-August and September. It generally occurs on the same day as Ganesh Chaturthi.

Significance of Samvatsari 2022.

According to the Jain Calendar, Samvatsari, the concluding day of the eight- or ten-day Paryushan celebration, is a significant stage for Jains. The word Samvatsari originates from the Sanskrit language and refers to a “year” in Vedic literature such as the Rigveda and other ancient texts. Jains ask all living things for forgiveness on this day for any mistakes they may have made, whether intentionally or accidentally. They also forgive those who mistreated them in the past.
The day is also known as ‘Kshama Yachna Divas (apology seeking day), Ahimsa Divas (non-violence day), and Daya Divas (kindness day).

Samvatsari Date 2022.

For the two Jain subgroups known as “Shwetambars” and “Digambars,” the festival’s actual day of celebration may vary. Shwetambars generally celebrate the eighth day of Paryushan Parv as Samvatsari, whereas Digambars celebrate on the tenth day of Das Lakshan Parv.

Jain Sub-groups Date of Samvatsari
Shwetambar 31st August 2022
Digambar 9th September 2022

Rituals and Traditions

Early in the morning, Jains do Pratikraman, followed by several poojas and prayers. Pratikraman means turning back, in which observers perform Samayik. Samayik is a type of meditation where one reflects on their spiritual journey and revitalizes their faith. There are few acts that Jains must undertake during Samvatsari,

1. Maintain Equanimity (Samayik)

2. Honor the Tirthankaras (Chaturvimshati)

3. Honor Jain Sadhu and Sadhvis (Vandana)

4. Repent wrongdoing (Samvatsari Pratikraman)

5. Meditate and Pray (Kayotsarga)

6. Take vows to maintain self-control (Pratyakhyana)

Jains also visit their relatives and friends, utter “Micchami Dukkadam”, and promise that whatever the grievance may be, they will not carry it forward to the coming year. By saying Micchami Dukkadam, they ask for forgiveness for one’s knowing and unknowing hurtful words, actions, or deeds.

 

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